Contrast Between the Old and New Covenant
The covenant of grace is far better than the covenant of works, for it is founded upon a better principle. The old covenant was founded on the principle of merit. The new covenant is not founded on works at all. It is a covenant of pure, unmingled grace. The new covenant is not so much between man and God, as it is between the Almighty and man’s Representative, the Lord Jesus Christ. The human side of the covenant has been fulfilled by Jesus.
“The entire covenant of grace, in regard to us as the people of God, now stands this way: ‘I your Lord, will give this; I will bestow that; I will fulfill this promise; I will grant that favor.’ We have to do nothing to merit this grace, for there is nothing we can do.” p.30 Jesus did it all. This new covenant cannot depend upon man because there is always inconsistency in man. All we as mankind have to do is receive this covenant of grace. God is required to fulfill His part of the covenant since man has fulfilled his obligation through man’s representative, Jesus.